How to Build a Sauna
Whether you are going to develop your home sauna or outdoor saunas for commercial purpose. Various components of outdoor saunas, step by step instructions on how to build and design your outdoor saunas. Get brief knowledge about creating your own sauna.
Any project starts with a good design. You don’t need to know a lot but a clear idea about location of power source, types of sauna heater, vents for heater; Sauna door, benches, lightning and switches etc. would be helpful.
Proper planning for outdoor saunas:
a) Power Source for your heater- Are you planning to go with gas, Electricity or wood fired heaters. Each has their own specifications- for e.g. Gas saunas should be big (at least 7’x8′) and heater should be installed on outside wall while for wood fired heaters you would need to install wood heaters like a fireplace or wood stove. Majority of heaters are electric and needed 20, 30 or 40 AMP dedicated circuits for residential purpose.
b) Heater and vents- Next you will like to know where you will be placing the vents. For this all you really need is some cooler air entering into the room, a low hole in the wall will be enough. Some even cut the door short so that air may circulate, you may also want to put vents on both sides of the hole. It looks nice too.
c) Sauna Door- Sauna is placed near door so that to better use rest of the room for benching etc. While, electrical wiring for your outdoor saunas can be placed anywhere in room you may only have few routes to take the gas pipes especially when you are applying for permit in the city. Also, keep in mind that most small saunas would do well on 120 KV circuit but medium to large size saunas would need 240 KV circuit to heat the room efficiently and safely.
d) Ceiling height- The Ceiling of a sauna room should be between 6’6″ to 7′ height at least to ensure that heat is circulated efficiently. If you go any higher you would need to install your benches and heaters at a higher level and that would mean more operational costs.
e) Lighting- If the Sauna door is Solid with no outside light then you would need to have light switches and installations on the inside. There are many choices available for lighting like wet/dry recessed lights, salt lamps, rope lights, infra-red lights etc. Additionally, you may also want to consider location of benches and rails in your outdoor saunas
Electrical installation for outdoor saunas:
The sauna heater may require 120 to 240KV electricity and should be hard wired to the box. If your sauna comes with 4.5 Kw or 6.0 Kw heaters then you will 30 amp breaker and 10/2 wires unless it’s positioned more than 30 feet form heater in which case 8/2 wire will also do. If your sauna comes with an 8.0 Kw heater then you will need 40 amp breaker and 8/2 wires for installations. Last but not least, always have a licensed electrician with the knowledge of all local codes do wiring for your Sauna for it to be completely safe and efficient. Also, always follow the specific manufacturer’s installation instructions which come with your heaters.
If you are planning to build your sauna for residential or commercial purpose, The Sauna Place can help you with the best sauna kits and the expert advice while setting up your saunas.